**Computer Graphics Notes PDF**

*Date: 31st Jan 2023*

In these “** Computer Graphics Notes PDF**”, you will introduce fundamental concepts of Computer Graphics with a focus on modeling, rendering, and interaction aspects of computer graphics. These notes emphasize the basic principles needed to design, use, and understand computer graphics systems.

We have provided multiple complete Computer Graphics Handwritten Notes PDF for any university student of BCA, MCA, B.Sc, B.Tech CSE, M.Tech branch to enhance more knowledge about the subject and to score better marks in the exam. Students can easily make use of all these Computer Graphics PDF Notes by downloading them.

**Topics in our Computer Graphics Notes PDF**

The topics we will cover in these *Computer Graphics Notes PDF* will be taken from the following list:

**Introduction to Computer Graphics & Graphics Systems**

Overview of computer graphics, storage tube graphics display, Raster scan display. Points & lines, Line drawing algorithms, DDA algorithm, Bresenham’s line algorithm, Circle generation algorithm, Ellipse generating algorithm, scan line polygon, fill algorithm, boundary fill algorithm, flood fill algorithm.

**2D Transformation**

Basic transformations: translation, rotation, scaling, Matrix representations & homogeneous coordinates, transformations between coordinate systems, reflection shear, Transformation of points, lines, parallel lines, intersecting lines.

**Viewing**

Viewing pipeline, Window to viewport coordinate transformation, clipping operations, point clipping, line clipping, clipping circles, polygons & ellipse.

**3D Transformations**

Translation, rotation, scaling & other transformations. Rotation about an arbitrary axis in space, reflection through an arbitrary plane, general parallel projection transformation; clipping, viewport clipping, 3D viewing.

**Curves**

Curve representation, surfaces, designs, Bezier curves, B-spline curves, end conditions for periodic B-spline curves, rational B-spline curves.

**Hidden surface Detection**

Depth comparison, Z-buffer algorithm, Backface detection, BSP tree method, the Printer’s algorithm, scan-line algorithm, Hidden line elimination, wireframe methods.

**Color & shading models**

Light & color model, interpolative shading model, Flat shading, Phong shading, Gouraud shading, Lambert lighting model, Phong lighting model, Blinn-Phong lighting model, Texture.

**Download Computer Graphics PDF Notes**

**Computer Graphics Books**

We have listed the best Computer Graphics Books that can help in your Computer Graphics exam preparation:

**Computer Graphics Handwritten Notes PDF FAQs**

## What is Computer Graphics ?

Computer graphics is concerned with producing images and animations (or sequences of images) using a computer. This includes the hardware and software systems used to make these images. The task of producing photo-realistic images is an extremely complex one, but this is a field that is in great demand because of the nearly limitless variety of applications.

## What is the future of Computer Graphics ?

The field of computer graphics has grown enormously over the past 10–20 years and many software systems have been developed for generating computer graphics of various sorts. This can include systems for producing 3-dimensional models of the scene to be drawn, the rendering software for drawing the images, and the associated user-interface software and hardware.

## What are the types of Computer Graphics ?

There are 2 types of computer graphics:

- Raster/Bitmap image uses a grid of individual pixels where each pixel can be a different color or shade. Bitmaps are composed of pixels.
- Vector graphics use mathematical relationships between points and the paths connecting them to describe an image. Vector graphics are composed of paths.

## What are the elements of computer graphics?

There are 3 elements of computer graphics:

- Digital memory buffer
- TV monitor
- Display controller

## What are the advantages of computer graphics?

The main advantages of computer graphics are:

- The ability of computers to store complex drawings and display them whenever needed was one of the main attraction for using computers in the graphic mode.
- The use of sound cards to make computers produce sound effect led to other uses of graphics.
- The availability of easily interactive devices made it possible to build simulators.

## What are the uses of computer graphics?

The main uses of computer graphics are:

- Cartography
- Visualization of measurement data (2D and 3D)
- Visualization of computer simulations medical diagnostics
- Drafting and computer design
- Preparation of publications
- Special effects in movies
- Computer games

## What is the difference between raster and vector graphics?

The difference between vector and raster graphics is that raster graphics are composed of pixels, while vector graphics are composed of paths. A raster graphic, such as a gif or jpeg, is an array of pixels of various colors, which together form an image. A vector graphic, such as an .eps file or Adobe Illustrator? file, is composed of paths, or lines, that are either straight or curved.

**Computer Science Notes**

##### Software Engineering Projects PDF with Documentation Report

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