Halogenated Hydrocarbons and Oxygen Containing Functional Groups Notes PDF
Date: 31st Jan 2023
In these “Halogenated Hydrocarbons and Oxygen Containing Functional Groups Notes pdf”, we will study the organic functional groups, which include halogenated hydrocarbons and oxygen-containing functional groups and their reactivity patterns. The detailed reactions mechanistic pathways for each functional group will be discussed to unravel the spectrum of organic chemistry and the extent of organic transformations.
We have provided multiple complete Halogenated Hydrocarbons and Oxygen Containing Functional Groups Notes PDF for any university student of BCA, MCA, B.Sc, B.Tech, M.Tech branch to enhance more knowledge about the subject and to score better marks in the exam. Students can easily make use of all these Halogenated Hydrocarbons and Oxygen Containing Functional Groups Notes PDF by downloading them.
Topics in our Halogenated Hydrocarbons and Oxygen Containing Functional Groups Notes PDF
The topics we will cover in these Halogenated Hydrocarbons and Oxygen Containing Functional Groups Notes PDF will be taken from the following list:
Chemistry of Halogenated Hydrocarbons: Alkyl halides: Methods of preparation and properties, nucleophilic substitution reactions – SN1, SN2, and SNi mechanisms with stereochemical aspects and effect of solvent; nucleophilic substitution vs. elimination. Aryl halides: Preparation (including preparation from diazonium salts) and properties, nucleophilic aromatic substitution; SNAr, Benzyne mechanism. Relative reactivity of alkyl, allyl, benzyl, vinyl, and aryl halides towards nucleophilic substitution reactions. Organometallic compounds of Mg (Grignard reagent) – Use in synthesis of organic compounds.
Alcohol, Phenol, Ether, and Epoxides: Alcohols: preparation, properties, and relative reactivity of 1°, 2°, 3° alcohols, Bouveault–Blanc Reduction; Oxidation of diols by periodic acid and lead tetraacetate, Pinacol-Pinacolone rearrangement. Phenols: Preparation and properties; Acidity and affecting factors, Ring substitution reactions, Reimer– Tiemann and Kolbe’s–Schmidt Reactions, Fries and Claisen rearrangements and their mechanism. Ethers and Epoxides: Preparation and reactions with acids. Reactions of epoxides with alcohols, ammonia, and LiAlH4.
Carbonyl Compounds: Structure, reactivity, preparation and properties; Nucleophilic additions, Nucleophilic addition-elimination reactions with ammonia derivatives with mechanism. Mechanisms of Aldol and Benzoin condensation, Knoevenagel condensation, Claisen-Schmidt, Perkin, Cannizzaro and Wittig reaction, Beckmann and Benzil-Benzilic acid rearrangements, haloform reaction and Baeyer Villiger oxidation, a-substitution reactions, oxidations and reductions (Clemmensen, Wolff-Kishner, LiAlH4, NaBH4, MPV, PDC) Addition reactions of a, ß- unsaturated carbonyl compounds: Michael addition. Active methylene compounds: Keto-enol tautomerism. Preparation and synthetic applications of diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate.
Carboxylic acids and their derivatives: General methods of preparation, physical properties, and reactions of monocarboxylic acids, effect of substituents on acidic strength. Typical reactions of dicarboxylic acids, hydroxy acids, and unsaturated acids. Preparation and reactions of acid chlorides, anhydrides, esters, and amides; Comparative study of nucleophilic substitution at acyl group-Mechanism of acidic and alkaline hydrolysis of esters, Claisen condensation, Dieckmann and Reformatsky reactions, Hoffmann-bromamide degradation and Curtius rearrangement.
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Halogenated Hydrocarbons and Oxygen Containing Functional Groups Reference Books List
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Author: Delhi University