8085 & 8086 Microprocessors Notes PDF Handwritten FREE Download

8085 & 8086 Microprocessors Notes PDF

Topics in our Microprocessors Notes PDF

In these “Microprocessors Notes PDF”, you will study internal architecture, programming model of Intel Microprocessors (8086 – Pentium), and assembly language programming using an assembler. Students will also learn the interfacing of memory and I/O devices with a microprocessor.

The topics we will cover in these Microprocessors Notes PDF will be taken from the following list:

Microprocessor architecture: Internal architecture, Programming Model, Addressing modes, Data movement instructions.

Microprocessor programming: Register Organization, instruction formats, Program control instructions, assembly language

Interfacing: Bus timings, Memory address decoding, cache memory, and cache controllers, I/O interface, keyboard, timer, Interrupt controller, DMA controller, video controllers, communication interfaces.

Data transfer schemes: Synchronous data transfer, asynchronous data transfer, interrupt-driven data transfer, DMA mode data transfer.

Microprocessor controllers: I/O controllers, interrupt controller, DMA controller, USART controller.

Advanced microprocessor architecture: CISC architecture, RISC architecture, superscalar architecture, multicore architecture.

 

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Microprocessors Notes PDF

Microprocessor Handwritten Notes PDF
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Microprocessors Notes PDF

Microprocessor Handwritten Notes PDF
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Microprocessors Notes PDF

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Microprocessor Handwritten Notes PDF FAQs

What is a Microprocessors ?

A microprocessor is an electronic component that is used by a computer to do its work. It is a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit chip containing millions of very small components including transistors, resistors, and diodes that work together.
Microprocessor consists of an ALU, register array, and a control unit. ALU performs arithmetical and logical operations on the data received from the memory or an input device. Register array consists of registers identified by letters like B, C, D, E, H, L, and accumulator. The control unit controls the flow of data and instructions within the computer.

Instruction Set: It is the set of instructions that the microprocessor can understand.

Bandwidth: It is the number of bits processed in a single instruction.

Clock Speed: It determines the number of operations per second the processor can perform. It is expressed in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz).It is also known as Clock Rate.

Word Length: It depends upon the width of the internal data bus, registers, ALU, etc. An 8-bit microprocessor can process 8-bit data at a time. The word length ranges from 4 bits to 64 bits depending upon the type of the microcomputer.

Data Types: The microprocessor has multiple data type formats like binary, BCD, ASCII, signed and unsigned numbers.

What are the features of Microprocessors ?

Cost-effective: The microprocessor chips are available at low prices and results its low cost.
Size: The microprocessor is of small size chip, hence is portable.
Low Power Consumption: Microprocessors are manufactured by using metal-oxide-semiconductor technology, which has low power consumption.
Versatility: The microprocessors are versatile as we can use the same chip in a number of applications by configuring the software program.
Reliability: The failure rate of an IC in microprocessors is very low, hence it is reliable.

What is Assembly Language ?

The language in which the mnemonics (shorthand form of instructions) are used to write a program is called assembly language. The manufacturers of microprocessor give the mnemonics.


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